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2.3 Solving Triangles using Trigonometry

Using Sine

  • The trigonometric identity for sine tells us that for a right-angled triangle:

\sin (\theta)=\frac{O}{H}

Where O is the length of the edge opposite the angle θ and H is the length of the hypotenuse.

Picture 2


Picture 3

We wish to find the unknown angle, θ, in the above right-angled triangle. As we have the lengths of the hypotenuse and opposite side, we can use sine to do this:

\sin (\theta) =\frac{O}{H}=\frac{5}{7}

\theta =\sin ^{-1}\left(\frac{5}{7}\right)=45.58^{\circ}

Using Cosine

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