Matrices provide an alternative to ordinary linear algebra which allows us to deal with multi-dimensional data in a more concise way.

They are similar in form to a table, with a number of entries arranged into rows and columns.

The size of a matrix is expressed in the form rows x columns (i.e. the number of rows followed by the number of columns, with a cross separating them).

We can refer to a specific element in a matrix using the name of the matrix, with a subscript listing the row and column corresponding to the element in question e.g. for a matrix; A, the element in the 2^{nd} row and 1^{st} column is denoted by A_{2,1}